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history of sustainable development

history of sustainable development

The United National Conference on Sustainable Development provides an excellent, condensed history of the term, which I will quote at length: The concept of sustainable development was originally synonymous with that of sustainability and is often still used in that way. The history of the concept of sustainability is however much older. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. I will describe a few below. Brief History of Sustainable Development. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. For the first time “sustainable development” was defined establishing links between social, economic, cultural and environment issues. [5], The first time the term ‘sustainable’ was used “in the modern sense” was as part of the Club of Rome, in 1972. For instance, developed countries are most often the ones pushing for particular types of sustainable development, whether that means a cap in emissions from power plants or a transition towards more sustainable forms of energy such as wind and solar. The Agenda is a commitment to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development by 2030 world … Already in 400 BCE, Aristotle referred to a Greek concept in talking about household economics. It was not until the Rio Summit, however, that major world leaders recognised sustainable development as the major challenge it remains today. Common terms and phrases. Its goal was to reduce the emissions of its signatories, with more emphasis placed on those developed countries which were responsible for most of the air pollution and its subsequent consequences. A similar concern is addressed by the UN’s Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform: Despite the growing international interest in green economy, negotiations between Member States on the concept in the lead up to Rio+20 were challenging. The summit marked the first international attempt to draw up action plans and strategies for moving towards a more sustainable pattern of development. This was partly due to the lack of an internationally agreed definition or universal principles for green economy, the emergence of interrelated but different terminology and concepts over recent years (such as green growth, low carbon development, sustainable economy, steady-state economy etc. Further to the political left of Amartya Sen’s work lies the opinion of many NGOs and academics who view the world system of capitalism to be incompatible with sustainable development progress. on the rights of people to adequate food, to sound housing, to safe water, to access to means of family planning. From its inaugural edition in 1997 to the present, the Sustainable Development Timeline has been prepared by Heather Creech, Director, Global Connectivity and staff and associates. In response to my piece this summer about the hubris among some sustainable design leaders ("A Darker Shade of Green"), a reader Tweeted that "no one outside of field knows what you mean by sustainable" [sic]. The Sustainable Development Goals At the historic UN General Assembly Summit in September 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by the UN’s 193 member states. This chapter provides a brief history of the concept of sustainable development or sustainability. Sustainable development, a concept that emerged in the context of a growing awareness of an imminent ecological crisis, seems to have been one of the driving forces of world history in the period around the end of the 20th century. [1] http://www.sustainabledevelopmentinfo.com/history-of-sustainable-development/, [2] http://www.nrdc.org/health/pesticides/hcarson.asp, [3] http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/epa-history, [4] http://www.uncsd2012.org/history.html, [5] https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more, [6] https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more, [7] http://yosemite.epa.gov/r10/oi.nsf/Sustainability/History, [8] https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more?page=1, [9] http://www.sustainabledevelopmentinfo.com/history-of-sustainable-development/, [10] http://globalsolutions.org/blog/2009/11/Problem-Sustainable-Development, [11] http://www.gatescambridge.org/news/detail.asp?ItemID=13922, [12] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amartya_Sen#Books, [13] http://www.greeneconomist.org/page.php?pageid=capitalism, [14] http://www.greeneconomist.org/page.php?pageid=capitalism, [15] https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/topics/greeneconomy, understood but how about sustainable development at now, Your email address will not be published. The Johannesburg Summit delivered three key outcomes: a political declaration, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, and a range of partnership initiatives. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. This in turn increases the exploitation of environmental resources, such as forests, as a result of poverty-induced constraints. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. [2] Around the same time, and as a result of the same push towards great concern for the environment, arrived the Clean Water Act, the Water Quality Act, the push to ban DDT, and the institution of the National Wilderness Preservation System. This came to the fore as a part of the publication of Limits to Growth, a report that described a particular state in which the global population would achieve balance or equilibrium. Through advocacy, advice and appraisal, we help put sustainable development at the heart of Government policy. At the same time, these new sustainable technologies entail more costs, which may be possible for developed countries, but not for many developing countries. * The French version of Our Common Future was published by Québec publisher Les Éditions du Fleuve in 1988 with the support of the Ministère de l’Environnement du Québec. HISTORIQUE . With regard to sustainable development, “ the tenets of neoliberal economic agenda such as commodification, deregulation, privatisation and cuts in government expenditure may in some context undermine the attainment of sustainable development by increasing poverty and inequality. UNITED NATIONS TRANSFORMING OUR WORLD: THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT sustainabledevelopment.un.org A/RES/70/1 For example, some go as far as to suggest that “A green economy cannot be a wasteful economy since we must reduce our consumption of the earth’s resources and so have to ensure that those we use are used efficiently,” which seems to be a rather simplistic, vague understanding of what a “green” future would look like.[14]. The following winter, after discussions […] [3] The goals of the EPA concerned both human health as well as natural resource protection. Key commitments included those on sustainable consumption and production, water and sanitation, and energy. The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our world. Another large focus in the sustainable development movement has been on freeing peoples in parts of the developing world from the bonds of poverty and starvation. The book’s release was considered by many to be a turning point in our understanding of the interconnections among the environment, the economy, and social well-being. Key works that highlighted this thinking included Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (1962), Garret Hardin's Tragedy of the Commons (1968), the Blueprint for Survival by the Ecologist magazine (1972) and the Club of Rome's Limits to Growth report (1972). The concept of sustainable development received its first major international recognition in 1972 at the UN Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm. That assumption stands in stark contrast to the prevailing view of many radical academics and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that there are profound (and possibly unmanageable) contradictions which demand a completely different world order.[13]. 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